We often ask children to find and sort
everyday objects according to their properties (for example, into piles of white socks and socks that are not white). In early algebra terms, this means sorting items into
categories. We can also use this kind of mathematical thinking about properties
to create brand new objects.
Beads are full of similarities and differences
that can help you create beautiful patterns as simple or complex as you want.
All you need to get started are string or pipe cleaners and beads in multiple colors and sizes. You can even make your
own beads by cutting up drinking straws! As you create your patterns, you get
to ask lots of interesting questions:
“How will you make the pattern interesting?”
“Will you use all small beads, or a
combination of sizes?”
“Will they all be smooth, or will you add a
rough textured bead into the mix?”
Whatever you choose to do, it will be yours
and it will be beautiful. You will know exactly how to talk about what and how
you made this beautiful thing because you’re the one who created it!
Pre-cut lengths of cotton string and/or pipe
Plastic pony beads, wooden beads, and/or beads
made from plastic straws
Bowls or other containers to hold beads
Look at all the beads. Find different ways to
describe them (color, shape, size, texture, etc.). Notice the similarities and
differences between the beads (for example, same color, different shapes).
Create a four-bead pattern unit (four beads in a row) and repeat that unit until satisfied.
Use very large beads or other objects like balls
or blocks. Have baby handle and play with objects. Comment on their texture,
shape, and color while baby is playing. Line up objects on the floor in front
of baby to create a short pattern; repeat pattern one or two more times. Point
to each bead and name one attribute category at a time (for example, “smooth,
rough, smooth, rough...” then “red, blue, red, blue...”).
Provide pipe cleaners and a selection of large
wooden beads. Let your child experience the beads by touching and stringing
them, but don’t worry about patterns for now. Talk through your own making
process while your child makes hers alongside you. Talk about why the bead you are
using is different from (or same as) the one your child is using or about what
comes next in your pattern.
Use an interesting assortment of beads and pipe
cleaners (or string), three or more attributes (such as bead shape, color,
texture), and three or four beads to make pattern unit. Make your own alongside
your child. Take turns investigating each others’ work - how is your child’s
pattern similar to yours?